While we are a composite of the five elements, certain elements are seen to have the ability to combine and thereby create various physiological functions. In Ayurveda, we study these functions and the influence of the five basic elements, which fall under three classifications known as Doshas: Vata, Pitta, Kapha.
The wind and space elements are combined to form the Vata principle. The Vata dosha can be seen as the force that directs nerve impulses, blood circulation, respiration and elimination of wastes (sweat, urine and other waste products of the body). It also controls the various movements of the body, both physical and mental, including breathing, heart beats, extension and contraction of muscles, etc.
The manifestation of fire element. It is associated with body temperature and is also a primary force for any kind of transformation in our biological processes. The major functions of Pitta are digestion and metabolism of food, appetite, maintaining the body temperature and maintaining skin softness and clear complexion. It is also active in the functions of the liver, eyes and brain.
The combination of earth and water elements manifest as Kapha, which is the heaviest of all three doshas! The major functions of Kapha are maintaining the shape, structure and lubrication of the body, performing physical movement and tasks, growth of body tissues and fertility. Kapha also acts as a balancing force between the restlessness of Vata types and laziness of Pitta types.
The interplay among these three doshas determines the qualities and conditions of our body and mind. A harmonious state of the three doshas creates balance and health; an imbalance, which might be an excess or deficiency of a dosha, manifests as a symptom of disease.
Take a pen and paper, and give one mark each for either for Vata or Pitta or Kapha. At the end, total the score to find out which dosha is more dominant in your body and that’s your body type.
|Body Frame||Thin – usually short or tall||Medium||Large, Tall|
|Weight||Low weight, doesn’t gain weight||Medium Weight stay same||Heavy Weight|
|Eyes||Small, Dark Eyes||Medium Sized, Light Eyes, Easily Inflamed||Large Eyes with thick eyelashes, Gentle Gaze|
|Skin||Dry, Rough, Cold Cracks Easily||Moist, Warm, Pink Prone to acne||Soft, Smooth, Moist, Cool|
|Complexion||Dark||Flushed, Sunburn Easily||Pale|
|Hair||Rough, Dry, Wairy||Thin, Oily, Light Colored, Grey, Bald Premature||Thick, Wavy, Oily|
|Eye Brow||Thin, Small||Medium||Thick, Bushy|
|Nose||Small, Thin||Medium, Symmetrical||Wide|
|Teeth||Vary in size, Crooked||Medium||Large white|
|Joints||Stiff, Tend to Crack||Loose, Average Size||Large, Stirdy|
|Nails||Thin, Brittle||Soft, Pink||Strong, Thick, White, Smooth|
|Muscle||Thin, Undeveloped||Average Size||Large well developed|
|Urine||Scant, Colorless||Profuse, Yellow||Moderate, Milky|
|Menstrual||Irregular, Scanty||Regular, Bright color||Regular, Pale color.|
|Stool||Scanty, Dry, Hard, Prone to Gas & Constipation||Abundant, Loose & Soft||Moderate, Dense with Mucus.|
|Dietary||Likes to snack on Dry, Crunchy foods.||Like Cold Drinks & Snacks.||Like Sweet & Creamy.|
|Digestion||Prone to Gas.||Good, Strong, Fast.||Slow, Steady.|
|Sweat||Hardly Sweat.||Profuse strong smelling.||Moderate.|
|Circulation||Poor, Cold Hand & Feet.||Good Hot Hand & Feet.||Moderate Temperature Cool..|
|Weather||Like Sun & Warmth.||Cold Weather.||Warm & Windy.|
|Sensitivity||Cold, Wind, Dryness Noise.||Heat, Sunlight, Light & Color.||Touch, Old & Dampness.|
|Dreams||Prone to Nightmare.||Colorful, Vivid Passionate.||Rarely or Uneventful.|
|Movements||Quick.||Move with Purpose & Motivation.||Moves Slowly & Steadily, Gracefully.|
|Desicion||Changes Mind Quickly, Indecisive & Nervous.||Decisive & Determined.||Changes Mind & Opinions Slowly.|
|Thoughts||Creative, Visionary Ideas.||Logical, Critical, idealistically.||Thinks Slowly & Methodical.|
|Learning Ability||Easily Learn & forget Easily, Poor Memory.||Easily with clear memory.||Learn slowly good long term memory.|
|Mind||Prone to Anxiety, Fear Nervousness & Worry.||Prone to Irritability Anger, Aggression, Jealousy.||Prone to Depression lethargy, Attachment.|
|Attitude||Lively, Positive attitude when balance.||Warm, Outgoing & Confident.||Peaceful, Happy & loving when in balance.|
|Money||Spends in trifles.||Earn but spends on Luxury.||Can earn & Save after motivation.|
|Speech||Quick Speech Talkative.||Argumentative, Confrontational, Enjoy's Debate.||Talks Slowly & Deliberately.|
|Travel||Love Travelling.||Need beautiful environment.||Domestic, Spends more time in the home.|
|Sensitivity||Sensitive to sound.||Sensitive to Visual Stimulati.||Not that sensitive.|